모듈:String

이 모듈은 Lua의 기본 문자열 함수를 위키 문서에서 사용할 수 있도록 하는 모듈입니다.

Most of the functions provided here can be invoked with named parameters, unnamed parameters, or a mixture. If named parameters are used, Mediawiki will automatically remove any leading or trailing whitespace from the parameter. Depending on the intended use, it may be advantageous to either preserve or remove such whitespace.

Global options

   ignore_errors: If set to 'true' or 1, any error condition will result in
       an empty string being returned rather than an error message.
   error_category: If an error occurs, specifies the name of a category to
       include with the error message.  The default category is
       [Category:Errors reported by Module String].
   no_category: If set to 'true' or 1, no category will be added if an error
       is generated.

모듈:String/연습장에서 모듈을 테스트 해볼 수 있습니다.

1 len[편집]

대상 문자열의 길이를 출력합니다. 사용법:

{{#invoke:String|len|target_string}}

또는

{{#invoke:String|len|s=target_string}}
{{#invoke:String|len|asdfghjkl}}

9

이름 있는 변수 s 를 사용하여 함수를 불러올 경우 대상 문자열에서 선행 또는 후행 공백이 자동 삭제됩니다.

2 sub[편집]

이 함수는 원본 문자열에서 지정된 범위의 문자열을 반환합니다.

사용법:

{{#invoke:String|sub|원본 문자열|시작점|끝점}}
{{#invoke:String|sub|s=원본 문자열|i=시작점|j=끝점}}
{{#invoke:String|sub|asdfghjkl|4|6}}

fgh

변수

   s: 원본 문자열
   i: 반환할 문자열의 시작점, 기본값은 1
   j: 반환할 문자열의 끝점, 기본값은 문자열 끝까지

문자열의 첫 번째 문자의 인덱스는 1입니다. i나 j가 음수이면 문자열의 맨 뒤에서부터 위치가 계산됩니다. 예를 들어 abcd의 인덱스 1은 a, 인덱스 -1은 d입니다.

인덱스가 문자열의 범위를 벗어나면 오류를 반환합니다.

3 _match[편집]

사용법 : require("Module:String")._match strmatch = require("Module:String")._match sresult = strmatch( s, pattern, start, match, plain, nomatch )

다른 모듈에 포함해서 사용하는 함수입니다.

변수

   s: 대상 문자열
   pattern: 대상 문자열에서 찾을 문자열이나 정규식(패턴)을 입력합니다.
   start: The index within the source string to start the search.  The first
       character of the string has index 1.  Defaults to 1.
   match: In some cases it may be possible to make multiple matches on a single
       string.  This specifies which match to return, where the first match is
       match= 1.  If a negative number is specified then a match is returned
       counting from the last match.  Hence match = -1 is the same as requesting
       the last match.  Defaults to 1.
   plain: A flag indicating that the pattern should be understood as plain
       text.  Defaults to false.
   nomatch: If no match is found, output the "nomatch" value rather than an error.

For information on constructing Lua patterns, a form of [regular expression], see:

4 match[편집]

원본 문자열에서 정규식(패턴)과 일치하는 문자열을 찾아 반환합니다.

사용법:

{{#invoke:String|match|원본 문자열|패턴(정규식)|start_index|match_number|plain_flag|nomatch_output}}

or

{{#invoke:String|match|s=원본 문자열|pattern=패턴(정규식)|start=start_index
    |match=match_number|plain=plain_flag|nomatch=nomatch_output}}

변수

   s: 원본 문자열
   pattern: 원본 문자열에서 찾을 문자열/패턴
   start: 검색을 시작할 위치. 첫 번째 문자의 인덱스는 1입니다. 기본값은 1.
   match: In some cases it may be possible to make multiple matches on a single
       string.  This specifies which match to return, where the first match is
       match= 1.  If a negative number is specified then a match is returned
       counting from the last match.  Hence match = -1 is the same as requesting
       the last match.  Defaults to 1.
   plain: A flag indicating that the pattern should be understood as plain
       text.  Defaults to false.
   nomatch: If no match is found, output the "nomatch" value rather than an error.

If invoked using named 변수, Mediawiki will automatically remove any leading or trailing whitespace from each string. In some circumstances this is desirable, in other cases one may want to preserve the whitespace.

If the match_number or start_index are out of range for the string being queried, then this function generates an error. An error is also generated if no match is found. If one adds the parameter ignore_errors=true, then the error will be suppressed and an empty string will be returned on any failure.

For information on constructing Lua patterns, a form of [regular expression], see:

5 pos[편집]

This function returns a single character from the target string at position pos.

사용법:

{{#invoke:String|pos|target_string|index_value}}

or

{{#invoke:String|pos|target=target_string|pos=index_value}}
{{#invoke:String|pos|asdfghjkl|3}}

d

변수

   target: The string to search
   pos: The index for the character to return

If invoked using named 변수, Mediawiki will automatically remove any leading or trailing whitespace from the target string. In some circumstances this is desirable, in other cases one may want to preserve the whitespace.

The first character has an index value of 1.

If one requests a negative value, this function will select a character by counting backwards from the end of the string. In other words pos = -1 is the same as asking for the last character.

A requested value of zero, or a value greater than the length of the string returns an error.

6 find[편집]

This function allows one to search for a target string or pattern within another string.

사용법:

{{#invoke:String|find|source_str|target_string|start_index|plain_flag}}

or

{{#invoke:String|find|source=source_str|target=target_str|start=start_index|plain=plain_flag}}
{{#invoke:String|find|asdfghjkl|asdf}}

1

변수

   source: The string to search
   target: The string or pattern to find within source
   start: The index within the source string to start the search, defaults to 1
   plain: Boolean flag indicating that target should be understood as plain
       text and not as a Lua style regular expression, defaults to true

If invoked using named 변수, Mediawiki will automatically remove any leading or trailing whitespace from the parameter. In some circumstances this is desirable, in other cases one may want to preserve the whitespace.

This function returns the first index >= "start" where "target" can be found within "source". Indices are 1-based. If "target" is not found, then this function returns 0. If either "source" or "target" are missing / empty, this function also returns 0.

This function should be safe for UTF-8 strings.

7 gsub[편집]

This function allows one to replace a target string or pattern within another string.

사용법:

{{#invoke:String|gsub|source_str|pattern_string|replace_string|replacement_count|plain_flag}}

or

{{#invoke:String|gsub|source=source_string|pattern=pattern_string|replace=replace_string|count=replacement_count|plain=plain_flag}}
{{#invoke:String|gsub|asdfghjkl|asdf|qwer}}

qwerghjkl

변수

   source: The string to search
   pattern: The string or pattern to find within source
   replace: The replacement text
   count: The number of occurences to replace, defaults to all.
   plain: Boolean flag indicating that pattern should be understood as plain
       text and not as a Lua style regular expression, defaults to true

8 rep[편집]

Repeat

9 escapePattern[편집]

This function escapes special characters from a Lua string pattern. See [1] for details on how patterns work.

[1] https://www.mediawiki.org/wiki/Extension:Scribunto/Lua_reference_manual#Patterns

사용법:

{{#invoke:String|escapePattern|pattern_string}}

변수

   pattern_string: The pattern string to escape.

10 count[편집]

11 join[편집]

Join all non empty arguments together; the first argument is the separator. 사용법:

{{#invoke:String|join|sep|one|two|three}}

one|two|three


Wikipedia-ico-48px.png
이 모듈 문서는 한국어 위키백과모듈:string 문서 27795255판에서 분기하였습니다.

local getArgs = require('Module:Arguments').getArgs
local ustring = mw.ustring

local str = {}

-- string.find
function str.len( frame )
	local new_args = str._getParameters( frame.args, {'s'} )
	local s = new_args['s'] or ''
	return ustring.len( s )
end
-- string.sub
function str.sub( frame )
	local args = getArgs(frame)
	local new_args = str._getParameters( args, { 's', 'i', 'j' } )
	local s = new_args['s'] or ''
	local i = tonumber( new_args['i'] ) or 1
	local j = tonumber( new_args['j'] ) or -1

	local len = ustring.len( s )

	-- Convert negatives for range checking
	if i < 0 then
		i = len + i + 1
	end
	if j < 0 then
		j = len + j + 1
	end

	if i > len or j > len or i < 1 or j < 1 then
		return str._error( 'String subset index out of range' )
	end
	if j < i then
		return str._error( 'String subset indices out of order' )
	end

	return ustring.sub( s, i, j )
end

-- 다른 모듈에서 require 되는 함수
function str._match( s, pattern, start, match_index, plain_flag, nomatch )
	if s == '' then
		return str._error( 'Target string is empty' )
	end
	if pattern == '' then
		return str._error( 'Pattern string is empty' )
	end
	start = tonumber(start) or 1
	if math.abs(start) < 1 or math.abs(start) > ustring.len( s ) then
		return str._error( 'Requested start is out of range' )
	end
	if match_index == 0 then
		return str._error( 'Match index is out of range' )
	end
	if plain_flag then
		pattern = str._escapePattern( pattern )
	end

	local result
	if match_index == 1 then
		-- Find first match is simple case
		result = ustring.match( s, pattern, start )
	else
		if start > 1 then
			s = ustring.sub( s, start )
		end

		local iterator = ustring.gmatch(s, pattern)
		if match_index > 0 then
			-- Forward search
			for w in iterator do
				match_index = match_index - 1
				if match_index == 0 then
					result = w
					break
				end
			end
		else
			-- Reverse search
			local result_table = {}
			local count = 1
			for w in iterator do
				result_table[count] = w
				count = count + 1
			end

			result = result_table[ count + match_index ]
		end
	end

	if result == nil then
		if nomatch == nil then
			return str._error( 'Match not found' )
		else
			return nomatch
		end
	else
		return result
	end
end

-- string.match
function str.match( frame )
	local args = getArgs(frame)
	local new_args = str._getParameters( args, {'s', 'pattern', 'start', 'match', 'plain', 'nomatch'} )
	local s = new_args['s'] or ''
	local start = tonumber( new_args['start'] ) or 1
	local plain_flag = str._getBoolean( new_args['plain'] or false )
	local pattern = new_args['pattern'] or ''
	local match_index = math.floor( tonumber(new_args['match']) or 1 )
	local nomatch = new_args['nomatch']

	return str._match( s, pattern, start, match_index, plain_flag, nomatch )
end

-- 
function str.pos( frame )
	local args = getArgs(frame)
	local new_args = str._getParameters( args, {'target', 'pos'} )
	local target_str = new_args['target'] or ''
	local pos = tonumber( new_args['pos'] ) or 0

	if pos == 0 or math.abs(pos) > ustring.len( target_str ) then
		return str._error( 'String index out of range' )
	end

	return ustring.sub( target_str, pos, pos )
end

-- string.find
function str.find( frame )
	local args = getArgs(frame)
	local new_args = str._getParameters( args, {'source', 'target', 'start', 'plain' } )
	local source_str = new_args['source'] or ''
	local pattern = new_args['target'] or ''
	local start_pos = tonumber(new_args['start']) or 1
	local plain = new_args['plain'] or false

	if source_str == '' or pattern == '' then
		return 0
	end

	plain = str._getBoolean( plain )

	local start = ustring.find( source_str, pattern, start_pos, plain )
	
	if start == nil then
		start = 0
	end

	return start
end

function str.find_( str1,  str2 , str3, str4)
	local source_str = str1 or ''
	local pattern_str = str2 or ''
	local start_ = str3 or 1
	local plain_ = str4 or false

	if source_str == '' or pattern_str == '' then
		return 0
	end

	plain_ = str._getBoolean( plain_ )

	local start = ustring.find( source_str, pattern_str, start_, plain_ )
	
	if start == nil then
		start = 0
	end

	return start
end

function str.ifexist( frame )
	local args = getArgs(frame)
	local new_args = str._getParameters( args, {'source', 'target', 'return1', 'return2' } )
	local source_str = new_args['source'] or ''
	local pattern = new_args['target'] or ''
	local return1 = new_args['return1'] or ''
	local return2 = new_args['return2'] or ''

	if str.find_( source_str,  pattern) == 0 then
		return return2
	else
		return return1
	end
end

function str.ifexist_( source_str, pattern, return1, return2 )
	if str.find_( source_str,  pattern) == 0 then
		return return2
	else
		return return1
	end
end

-- string.gsub
function str.gsub( frame )
	local new_args = str._getParameters( frame.args, {'source', 'pattern', 'replace', 'count', 'plain' } )
	local source_str = new_args['source'] or ''
	local pattern = new_args['pattern'] or ''
	local replace = new_args['replace'] or ''
	local count = tonumber( new_args['count'] )
	local plain = new_args['plain'] or true

	if source_str == '' or pattern == '' then
		return source_str
	end
	plain = str._getBoolean( plain )

	if plain then
		pattern = str._escapePattern( pattern )
		replace = ustring.gsub( replace, "%%", "%%%%" ) --Only need to escape replacement sequences.
	end

	local result

	if count ~= nil then
		if replace == '제거' or replace == nil then
			result = ustring.gsub( source_str, pattern, '', count)
		else
			result = ustring.gsub( source_str, pattern, replace, count )
		end
	else
		if replace == '제거' or replace == nil then
			result = ustring.gsub( source_str, pattern, '')
		else
			result = ustring.gsub( source_str, pattern, replace )
		end
	end
	return result
end

-- string.rep
function str.rep( frame )
	local repetitions = tonumber( frame.args[2] )
	if not repetitions then
		return str._error( 'function rep expects a number as second parameter, received "' .. ( frame.args[2] or '' ) .. '"' )
	end
	return ustring.rep( frame.args[1] or '', repetitions )
end

-- string.upper
function str.upper( frame )
	local new_args = str._getParameters( frame.args, { 's' } )
	local s = new_args['s'] or ''
	return  ustring.upper( s )
end

-- string.lower
function str.lower( frame )
	local new_args = str._getParameters( frame.args, { 's' } )
	local s = new_args['s'] or ''
	return ustring.lower( s )
end

function str.reverse( frame )
	local new_args = str._getParameters( frame.args, { 's' } )
	local s = new_args['s'] or ''
	local str = ""
	for token in ustring.gmatch(s, ".") do
		str = token..str
	end
	return str
end

-- string.byte의 유니코드 호환 버전
function str.tounicode( frame )
	local args = getArgs( frame )
	local s = args[1] or -1
	if s == -1 then
		return '입력값이 없습니다.'
	else
		return 'U+0'..ustring.upper(string.format("%x", mw.ustring.codepoint(s)))
	end
end

function str.tounicode_( char )
	local s = char or -1
	if s == -1 then
		return 0
	else
		return 'U+0'..ustring.upper(string.format("%x", mw.ustring.codepoint(s)))
	end
end

-- string.char
function str.char( frame )
	local args = getArgs(frame)
	local new_args = str._getParameters( args, { 'c' } )
	local c = tonumber(new_args['c'])
	return ustring.char( c )
end
		
function str.escapePattern( frame )
	local args = getArgs(frame)
	local pattern_str = args[1]
	if not pattern_str then
		return str._error( 'No pattern string specified' )
	end
	local result = str._escapePattern( pattern_str )
	return result
end

function str.count(frame)
	local args_ = getArgs(frame)
	local args = str._getParameters(args_, {'source', 'pattern', 'plain'})
	local source = args.source or ''
	local pattern = args.pattern or ''
	local plain = str._getBoolean(args.plain or true)
	if plain then
		pattern = str._escapePattern(pattern)
	end
	local _, count = ustring.gsub(source, pattern, '')
	return count
end

function str.count_(str, pattern)
	local _, count = ustring.gsub(str, pattern, '')
	return count
end

--[[
endswith
This function determines whether a string ends with another string.
]]
function str.endswith(frame)
	local args_ = getArgs(frame)
	local args = str._getParameters(args_, {'source', 'pattern'})
	local source = args.source or ''
	local pattern = args.pattern or ''
	if pattern == '' then
		-- All strings end with the empty string.
		return "yes"
	end
	if ustring.sub(source, -ustring.len(pattern), -1) == pattern then
		return "yes"
	else
		return ""
	end
end

function str.join(frame)
	local args = getArgs(frame)
	local table_ = {}
	local sep = args[1]
	local i, j = 2, 1
	-- args,table
	
	while args[i] ~= nil do
		if args[i] ~= '_' then
			table_[j] = args[i]
			i = i + 1
			j = j + 1
		else
			i = i + 1
		end
	end
	return table.concat(table_, sep)
end

--[[
Helper function that populates the argument list given that user may need to use a mix of
named and unnamed 변수.  This is relevant because named 변수 are not
identical to unnamed 변수 due to string trimming, and when dealing with strings
we sometimes want to either preserve or remove that whitespace depending on the application.
]]
function str._getParameters( frame_args, arg_list )
	local new_args = {}
	local index = 1
	local value

	for _, arg in ipairs( arg_list ) do
		value = frame_args[arg]
		if value == nil then
			value = frame_args[index]
			index = index + 1
		end
		new_args[arg] = value
	end

	return new_args
end

--[[
Helper function to handle error messages.
]]
function str._error( error_str )
	local frame = mw.getCurrentFrame()
	local error_category = frame.args.error_category or 'String 모듈에 의해 보고된 오류'
	local ignore_errors = frame.args.ignore_errors or false
	local no_category = frame.args.no_category or false

	if str._getBoolean(ignore_errors) then
		return ''
	end

	local error_str = '<strong class="error">String Module Error: ' .. error_str .. '</strong>'
	if error_category ~= '' and not str._getBoolean( no_category ) then
		error_str = '[[Category:' .. error_category .. ']]' .. error_str
	end

	return error_str
end

--[[
Helper Function to interpret boolean strings
]]
function str._getBoolean( boolean_str )
	local boolean_value

	if type( boolean_str ) == 'string' then
		boolean_str = boolean_str:lower()
		if boolean_str == 'false' or boolean_str == 'no' or boolean_str == '0'
				or boolean_str == '' then
			boolean_value = false
		else
			boolean_value = true
		end
	elseif type( boolean_str ) == 'boolean' then
		boolean_value = boolean_str
	else
		error( 'No boolean value found' )
	end
	return boolean_value
end

--[[
Helper function that escapes all pattern characters so that they will be treated
as plain text.
]]
function str._escapePattern( pattern_str )
	return ustring.gsub( pattern_str, "([%(%)%.%%%+%-%*%?%[%^%$%]])", "%%%1" )
end

return str